The orange is one of the most popular fruits in the world. Learn more about types of citrus trees including oranges, grapefruits, lemons, and more. Some are sweet, some are sour, and others add a unique flavor not found anywhere else.

TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus should I plant - #choosingcitrus #citrus

One of the three original Washington navel oranges planted in 1873 is still producing fruit in Riverside, California. Learn more about different types of citrus trees, and choose the right one for your yard. Yours may not last 150 years, but a citrus tree can be a great addition to your yard for years to come!

Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links See my disclosure policy for more information.

Types of citrus trees - varieties of citrus - which kind of citrus should I plant? #citrus #plantingcitrus #choosingcitrus

Washington Navel

One of the most popular varieties. 

Ripens mid-season.

Best eaten fresh. Large, good-quality fruit is seedless and easy to peel. Sensitive to heat. 

TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus to plant #citrus #citrustrees #choosingcitrus

Cara Cara
Navel

Seedless crimson flesh (similar to red grapefruit).

Ripens early winter. 

Rich sweet flavor is similar to other navel varieties. 

Lane Late Navel Orange

Lane late navel

Newer Australian variety. 

Ripens beginning in January and can be harvested later than other navels. 

Sometimes called a summer navel. 

DILLER SWEET ORANGE

 Originated in Arizona. 

Small to medium fruit with few seeds.  Trees produce lots of fruit. 

Excellent for juicing. 

MACETERA SWEET ORANGE​

Average size thin-skinned fruit with seeds. Excellent for juicing.

Ripens early in the season. 

Large tree with thorns. 

Trovita Sweet Orange

TROVITA SWEET ORANGE​

Most popular sweet orange. Produces well in Arizona’s low desert. 

Excellent for juicing.

Medium to large fruit with 6-10 seeds per fruit. 

Midknight Valencia

Midknight
Valencia

Summer ripening, sweeter than average Valencia. 

Excellent eating and juicing orange. 

Seedless type of citrus tree.

Types of citrus trees - varieties of citrus - which kind of citrus should I plant? #citrus #plantingcitrus #choosingcitrus

Moro Blood orange

Spring ripening, with tart berry-like flavor.

Distinct purple color even in warmer areas.

TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus to plant #citrus #citrustrees #choosingcitrus

sanguinelli
blood orange

Spring ripening with tart spicy flavor. 

Blood red juice and red-tinted rind develop best in hot dry summers followed by a cold winter.  

Stores well on tree. 

Satsuma Owari Mandarin

OWARI SATSUMA MANDARIN

Early ripening (November-December) mandarin.

Less seeds than most mandarins. 

Slow-growing, but hardiest of all mandarins. 

Types of citrus trees - varieties of citrus - which kind of citrus should I plant? #citrus #plantingcitrus #choosingcitrus

clementine (Algerian) Mandarin

Early ripening (November) tart fruit. 

Small to medium fruit. 

Cross-pollination of multiple trees increases yield and seeds. 

daisy mandarin

Early season very sweet-flavored mandarin.

Medium to large fruit, 0-5 seeds. 

Small type of citrus tree.

 

Types of citrus trees - varieties of citrus - which kind of citrus should I plant? #citrus #plantingcitrus #choosingcitrus

Rio Red Grapefruit

Most cold-hardy of all grapefruit. 

Large fruit with few seeds. Dark pink flesh. Skin can take on pink tint as well. 

Pick fruit beginning in December and harvest until heat of summer. 

Oro Blanco Grapefruit

oro blanco (grapefruit-
pummelo Hybrid)

Harvest in winter. 

Sweet fruit even in mild climates. Thick peel.  

Fragrant blooms and large glossy green leaves. 

Marsh Seedless Grapefruit

marsh seedless grapefruit

Most common white grapefruit in low desert. 

Begin harvesting in December. Fruit tastes best from March – May.

Large with few seeds and white flesh.

 

Sarahwalk Tahitian Pumello

sarawak tahitIan pummelo

Small tree. Thinner skin than most pummelos.

Seedy, slightly tart and juicy.

 

TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus to plant #citrus #citrustrees #choosingcitrus

chandler Pummelo

Firm, pink flesh with good flavor. 

Large tree with glossy leaves and large, fragrant  blossoms. 

Early ripening. 

Ponderosa Lemon

ponderosa lemon

Probably a cross between a lemon and a citron. 

Often grown as an ornamental tree. 

Very large acidic fruit has thick peel.

 

Eureka Lemon

eureka lemon

Large, vigorous, thornless tree. 

Lemon is rough-rinded with less pronounced nipple. 

Classic lemon, good quality fruit. 

 

TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus to plant #citrus #citrustrees #choosingcitrus

meyer lemon

Improved varieties are virus-free and safe for home garden. 

Fragrant blossoms and thin-skinned, lemons. Juicy fruit has less acid than other lemons. 

Large shrub or small tree. 

Lisbon Lemon

lisbon lemon

Medium-sized fruit with traditional tart lemon flavor. 

More prominent nipple and smoother skin than Eureka lemon. 

Like all lemons, more frost-sensitive than other citrus. 

 

Pink Eureka Lemon

pink eureka lemon

Variegated leaves, with pink blossoms and new foliage.

Pale pink flesh with clear juice. 

One of the few variegated types of citrus trees.

 

kiEffEr lime - citrus hystrix

Distinctively shaped double leaves.

Aromatic leaves used in Thai cooking, soups and curry. 

Bumpy, rough green fruit ripens to yellow. 

 

 

Bearrs Tahiti Lime

bearSs (tahitiAN) lime

Fruit ripens in June. 

Larger fruit than Mexican lime. 

Juicy and seedless lime.

All limes are extremely frost sensitive.  

Mexican Key Lime

mexican key lime

Ripens in September. 

Smaller fruit than Bearss lime. 

Flavorful and juicy, with some seeds. 

All limes are extremely frost sensitive. 

buddhA's hand
citrus

Finger-like sections of fruit resemble a human hand. 

Distinct fruit in the citron family. 

Consists only of rind; no juice, pulp or seeds.

Etrog Citron

ETROG CITRON

Looks like a large, knobby, ribbed lemon.

Very thick rind and aromatic skin.

The rind and oil are the most commonly used parts of the fruit.

Types of citrus trees - varieties of citrus - which kind of citrus should I plant? #citrus #plantingcitrus #choosingcitrus

​calamondin

Cross between mandarin and kumquat. 

Excellent in containers. 

Cold-hardy to about 20°F.

Prolific tart fruit can be eaten whole. 

Nagami Kumquat

nagami kumquat

Oblong, acidic, bright orange fruit.

Cold-hardy to about 18°F.

Often grown as decorative or ornamental type of citrus tree. 

Fukushu Kumquat

Small, sweet, brightly-colored orange fruit can be eaten whole. 

Small tree with dark foliage. 

Excellent container or ornamental plant. 

Trying to decide which citrus to plant? This article gives ideas to narrow down your search for the right type for you.

Have questions about planting, watering or fertilizing citrus? Listen to this Encyclopedia Botanica podcast I was a guest expert on with Hilary from Seattleurbanfarmco.com.

What do you want to read next?

TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus should I plant - #choosingcitrus #citrus
TYPES OF CITRUS TREES – VARIETIES OF CITRUS - Which type of citrus should I plant - #choosingcitrus #citrus
278 Shares

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *