Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low-Desert Vegetables

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Vegetables

Growing a vegetable garden in Arizona is both rewarding and challenging. This Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide provides planting dates and crucial information for growing over 50 different vegetables in the low desert of Arizona.

Growing seasons in Arizona are short, and timing is critical when planting. Use this Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide to learn when to plant, and whether to plant seeds or transplants. When you plant at the correct time, seeds will sprout and transplants will become established in the optimal conditions for each plant.

With pictures and planting dates for over 50 vegetables that grow well in the low desert of Arizona, you are sure to find one to try. 

Be sure to check out the end of this Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide for links to articles about common questions about growing a vegetable garden in Arizona. 

Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information.

Click on a vegetable to go directly to that vegetable:

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Vegetables

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Amaranth

Amaranth

How to grow Amaranth:

Grows best from seed

When to plant amaranth in Arizona: March – April and late July – early September

Harvest leaves as needed and cut the seed-heads with stems for drying to collect seeds. 

Good to Know: Annual. Leaves are very high in protein. 

5 Tips for growing Armenian Cucumbers in the Garden. With the high temperatures of summer, most cucumbers are a fond memory except for Armenian cucumbers (which are still going strong).#gardening #armeniancucumbers #howtogarden #cucumbers #howtogrow #heatlovingveggies #growinginthegarden
Armenian Cucumbers

Read this article for more information about how to grow Armenian cucumbers

Armenian Cucumber

How to grow Armenian Cucumbers:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant Armenian cucumbers in Arizona: late Feb – mid July

Time to harvest: 55 days

Good to know: Don’t rush to plant in the spring; Armenian cucumbers prefer warm temperatures. Heat tolerance is their number one attribute; high temperatures do not stress these plants.

How to grow artichokes - 5 tips for growing artichokes #gardening #artichoke #arizonagardening
Artichokes

Read this article for more information about how to grow artichokes

Artichokes

How to grow Artichokes:

Grows best from transplant

When to plant artichokes in Arizona: Mid January – March

Time to harvest: 4 – 6 months

Good to know:  

  • Buds are edible when harvested young (before opening and developing into flowers). 
  • At the end of flowering, plants should be cut down to ground and mulched heavily. 
Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant arugula in Arizona
Arugula

Arugula

How to grow Arugula:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant arugula in Arizona: Mid October – mid February

Time to harvest: 30 – 60 days

Good to know:  

  • Prolonged warm temperatures cause arugula to bolt and become bitter.
  • Harvest outer leaves using cut-and-come-again method to allow additional harvests.
  • Arugula tolerates a little frost.
Asparagus

Read this article for more information about how to grow asparagus

Asparagus

How to grow Asparagus:

Grows quickest from transplant, can also start from seed

When to plant asparagus in Arizona: November – mid February

Time to harvest: 1 – 2 years

Good to know: Unlike most vegetables, asparagus is a perennial (meaning it lives for more than two seasons). Asparagus stalks increase in circumference and number over time – it definitely gets better with age. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant lima beans in Arizona
Lima Beans

Beans (Lima)

How to grow Lima Beans:

Grows best from seed

When to plant lima beans in Arizona: mid March – mid April

Time to harvest: 60 – 100 days

Good to know:  

  • Lima beans prefer warm but not hot temperatures, and may begin producing once temperatures drop in the fall.
  • Look for pole and bush types.
How to grow beans in Arizona
Snap Beans

Read this article for more information about how to grow beans.

Beans (Snap)

How to grow Snap Beans:

Grows best from seed 

When to plant beans in Arizona: Mid March – April and  mid July – August 

Time to harvest: 60 – 90 days

Good to knowHarvest beans when they are small and tender. Picking beans often encourages more bean production. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant tepary beans in Arizona
Tepary Beans

Beans (Tepary)

How to grow Tepary Beans:

Grows best from seed

When to plant tepary beans in Arizona: March and again in late July when monsoon moisture begins

Time to harvest: around 100 days

Good to know:  

  • Tepary beans have been grown in the Sonoran Desert for hundreds of years.
  • Do not overwater. 
  • Harvest when pods are dry.
Learn how to grow beans in your garden. #howtogrowbeans#beans#gardening#organicgardening#growbeans#howtogarden
Yardlong Beans

Read this article for more information about how to grow yardlong beans

Beans (Yardlong)

How to grow Yardlong Beans:

Grows best from seed

When to plant yardlong beans in Arizona: Mid March – mid July

Time to harvest: 60 – 90 days

Good to know

  • Yardlong beans tolerate heat and humidity better than snap bean varieties.
  • Also called asparagus beans or Chinese-longbeans.
How to Grow Beets: 7 Tips for Growing Beets #gardentips #gardening #howtogrowbeets #beets
Beets

Read this article for more information about how to grow beets

Beets

How to grow Beets:

Grows best from seed

When to plant beets in Arizona: Mid September  – mid March 

Time to harvest: 60 – 80 days

Good to know:  

  • Beets tolerate a little frost.
  • Beet thinnings can be carefully transplanted.
  •  Plant beet seeds every few weeks for a continual harvest. 
How to Grow Cabbage: 10 Tips for Growing Cabbage #gardentips #gardening #howtogrowcabbage #cabbage
Bok Choy

Read this article for more information about how to grow Bok Choy

Bok Choy

How to grow Bok Choy:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant bok choy in Arizona: 

  • Plant seeds late August – February
  • Plant transplants October – February 

Time to harvest: 45 days

Good to know:  

  • Bok Choy likes cool temperatures.
  • A light frost improves the flavor of Bok Choy.

 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Vegetables (continued)

Arizona Garden in January#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #Januarygarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Broccoli

Read this article for more information about how to grow broccoli

Broccoli

How to grow Broccoli:

Grows best from seed or transplant 

When to plant broccoli in Arizona

  • Plant seeds late August – December
  • Plant transplants October – January 

Time to harvest: 

  • Seed 120 – 130 days
  • Transplants 80 – 90 days

Good to know: In many varieties, bite-sized side shoots will form after main head is harvested.

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant Brussels sprouts in Arizona
Brussels Sprouts

Read this article for more information about how to grow Brussels sprouts

Brussels Sprouts

How to grow Brussels Sprouts:

Grows best from transplant 

When to plant Brussels sprouts in Arizona: September – November

Time to harvest: 100 – 120 days

Good to know: Once buds form, if temperatures are beginning to climb or if you want to harvest all the Brussels sprouts at one time, pinch off the rosette (growing tip at the top of plant) about a month before the desired harvest. This directs the plant’s energy to increasing the size of the buds and they will develop all at once.

How to Grow Cabbage: 10 Tips for Growing Cabbage #gardentips #gardening #howtogrowcabbage #cabbage
Cabbage

Read this article for more information about how to grow cabbage. 

Cabbage

How to grow Cabbage:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant cabbage in Arizona

  • Plant seeds late August – December
  • Plant transplants October – January 

Time to harvest: 

  • Seed 120 – 130 days
  • Transplants 80 – 90 days

Good to know: Cabbage will not form a head but will instead split or bolt if exposed to too much heat or severe frost.

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant cucuamelons in Arizona
Cucamelons

Cucamelon

How to grow Cucamelons:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant cucamelon in Arizona: March – April and late August – September

Time to harvest: 65 – 75 days

Good to know:  

  • Can be tricky to grow in Arizona. If you have trouble getting plant to grow, try starting seeds indoors.
  • Also called Mexican sour gherkin and Mouse Melon.
  • Some plants may form tubers, which can be over-wintered.
Arizona Gardening in July #gardening #desertgardening #howtogarden
Cantaloupe

Cantaloupe

How to grow Cantaloupe:

Grows best from seed if soil is warm enough  

When to plant cantaloupe in Arizona: March – July

Time to harvest: 80 – 120 days

Good to know:

  • Can be started indoors, but do not let seedlings become pot bound.
  • Try growing native-adapted varieties from Native Seeds Search.
Five Tips For Growing Carrots #growingcarrots #howtogrowcarrots #organicgarden #carrots #howto #gardening #quicktips #organicgardening
Carrots

Read this article for more information about how to grow carrots

Carrots

How to grow Carrots:

Grows best from seed

When to plant carrots in Arizona: August – April

Time to harvest: 60 – 100 days

Good to know:

  • Thin carrot seedlings for good-sized carrots.
  • Harvest carrots before the heat of the summer; the heat turns them bitter. 
How to successfully Grow Cauliflower
Cauliflower

Read this article for more information about how to grow cauliflower. 

Cauliflower

How to grow Cauliflower:

Grows best from seed or transplant 

When to plant cauliflower in Arizona:

  • Plant seeds late August – December
  • Plant transplants October – January 

Time to harvest:

  • Seed 120 – 130 days
  • Transplants 90 – 100 days

Good to know: To grow cauliflower successfully, it needs at least 2 months of cool weather (60 degrees is ideal) to mature. 

Growing celery in the garden is convenient and delicious #howtogrowcelery #celery #garden #growcelery
Celery

Read this article for more information about how to grow celery

Celery

How to grow Celery:

Grows best from transplant 

When to plant celery in Arizona:

  • Plant seeds late August – December
  • Plant transplants late September – December 

Time to harvest: 120 – 150 days

Good to know:  

  • Celery can also be grown with the cut-off base of grocery store celery.
  • Harvest individual stalks of celery as needed rather than cutting off the entire base.  
Spring Garden Checklist - 5 Tips for Spring Planting - Tidy up your garden - get ready for spring planting #garden #springgarden #tidyup
Corn

Corn

How to grow Corn:

Grows best from seed

When to plant corn in Arizona: Late February – early April and late July – August

Time to harvest: 70 – 90 days

Good to know: Plant corn in blocks rather than rows to encourage pollination. 

Arizona Gardening in July #gardening #desertgardening #howtogarden
Cucumbers

Read this article for more information about how to grow cucumbers

Cucumbers

How to grow Cucumbers:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant cucumbers in Arizona: Late February – April and late August – September 

Time to harvest: 60 – 90 days

Good to know: For spring planting, choose short-season varieties that will ripen before the hottest days of summer. Arizona summer heat makes cucumbers bitter. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Vegetables (continued)

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant edamame in Arizona
Edamame

Edamame

How to grow Edamame:

Grows best from seed

When to plant edamame in Arizona: Mid March – April

Time to harvest: 75 – 110 days

Good to know: Harvest pods as soon as they are plump and still bright green. Once pods turn yellow, the consistency and flavor deteriorates rapidly.

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant eggplants in Arizona
Eggplant

Read this article for more information about how to grow eggplant. 

Eggplant

How to grow Eggplant:

Grows best from transplant

When to plant eggplant in Arizona: February 15 – April 

Time to harvest: 70 – 120 days

Good to know: Start seeds indoors in late December or January for transplants

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant garlic in Arizona
Garlic

Read this article for more information about how to grow garlic

Garlic

How to grow Garlic:

Grows best from cloves

When to plant garlic in Arizona: October

Time to harvest: 5 – 7 months

Good to know: Place whole cloves in a brown paper bag in the refrigerator 6 weeks before planting. Vernalization helps ensure correct bulb formation.

I'itoi Onions​

Read this article for more information about how to grow I’itio onions

I'itoi Onions

How to grow I'itoi Onions​:

Grows best from bulbs

When to plant I’itoi onions in Arizona: September – December

Time to harvest: Harvest greens as needed; harvest bulbs when desired size. 

Good to know: I’itoi onions thrive in the Sonoran Desert’s difficult growing conditions. One bulb becomes 8 or 10 bulbs, which in turn become more bulbs. You will be amazed how quickly these bulbs multiply.

How to Grow Kale- Five Tips for Growing kale- #kale #gardening #howtogrow
Kale

Read this article for more information about how to grow kale

Kale

How to grow Kale:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant kale in Arizona:

  • Plant seeds late August – December
  • Plant transplants late September – December 

Time to harvest: 60 – 90 days

Good to know:  

  • For a continual harvest, harvest only the outer leaves of kale (known as the cut-and-come-again method). 
  • Warm temperatures cause kale to bolt.
  • A light frost improves the flavor.
How to grow kohlrabi - tips for growing kohlrabi
Kohlrabi​

Read this article for more information about how to grow kohlrabi.

Kohlrabi

How to grow Kohlrabi​:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant kohlrabi in Arizona:

  • Plant seeds late August – November
  • Plant transplants late September – mid February 

Time to harvest: 45 – 60 days

Good to know: Kohlrabi tastes best when harvested small and before the weather gets hot. Begin harvesting when bulbs are about 2 inches wide. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant leeks in Arizona
Leeks

Leek

How to grow Leeks:

Grows best from seed or transplant 

When to plant leeks in Arizona: late August – early October and January

Time to harvest: 180 – 200 days

Good to know: Densely plant seeds and then thin and replant seedlings in trenches 6 – 8 inches deep and 4 – 6 inches apart.  

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant lettuce in Arizona
Lettuce

Lettuce

How to grow Lettuce:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant lettuce in Arizona:

  • Plant seeds late August – January
  • Plant transplants late September – mid February 

Time to harvest: 50 – 100 days depending on variety

Good to know:

  • For a continual harvest, harvest only the outer leaves of lettuce (known as the cut-and-come-again method). 
  • Warm temperatures cause lettuce to bolt.
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Luffa

Read this article for more information about how to grow luffa

Luffa

How to grow Luffa:

Grows best from seed

When to plant luffa in Arizona: March – April and late August – mid September

Time to harvest: At least 120 days when harvested as a sponge

Good to know: Once gourd is longer than 6 inches, the insides become fibrous and it is too tough to eat. 

How to grow spinach: tips for growing spinach #spinach #howtogrow
Malabar Spinach

Read this article for more information about how to grow Malabar spinach

Malabar Spinach

How to grow Malabar Spinach:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant Malabar spinach in Arizona: March – May 

Time to harvest: Harvest once the vines have at least 8-10 leaves. Cut leaves from the outside first, being sure to leave at least 6 leaves to allow the plant to grow.

Good to knowAlthough Malabar spinach tolerates hot Arizona summers, it is a tropical plant and needs consistent moisture throughout the growing season. For best flavor, keep soil evenly moist. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Vegetables (continued)

How to grow Okra - 7 tips for delicious okra
Okra

This article shares more information about how to grow okra

Okra

How to grow Okra:

Grows best from seed

When to plant okra in Arizona: Mid March – May

Time to harvest: 70 – 100 days

Good to know: Make it a point to harvest okra daily while it is producing; leaving pods on the plant slows or stops production. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant onions in Arizona
Onions

Read this article for more information about how to grow onions

Onions (Bulb)

How to grow Onions:

Grows best from seed or starts

When to plant onions in Arizona: Plant seeds in September and onion plants from October – mid February 

Time to harvest: 7 – 8 months

Good to know: Densely plant seeds and then thin and replant seedlings. Onion sets commonly sold in stores have often dried out and will bolt (flower). 

How to Grow I'itoi Onions
Green Onions

Onions (Green)

How to grow Green Onions:

Grows best from seed  

When to plant green onions in Arizona: August – April

Time to harvest: 90 – 100 days

Good to know:  Harvest individual onions as needed. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant parsnips in Arizona
Parsnips

Parsnips

How to grow Parsnips:

Grows best from seed

When to plant parsnips in Arizona: September – November

Time to harvest: 100 – 120 days

Good to know:  Use fresh seeds each year;  parsnip seeds do not store well. 

How to grow peanuts in Arizona
Peanuts

Peanuts

How to grow Peanuts:

Grows best from seed

When to plant peanuts in Arizona: Mid March – April

Time to harvest: 5 months

Good to know: The flowers of peanut plants are above ground, but the pods (shells) containing the seeds develop underground. 

Peas: Planting, Growing and Harvesting Peas - How to grow peas #peas #gardening #growingpeas
Peas

Read this article for more information about how to grow peas

Peas

How to grow Peas:

Grows best from seed

When to plant peas in Arizona: Mid September – February

Time to harvest: 60 – 150 days depending on when planted and variety

Good to know: Peas are sweetest when eaten fresh; the sugar in the peas turns to starch within hours of harvesting.

How to grow peppers - 7 tips for growing peppers #growingpeppers #howtogrowpeppers #gardeninginarizona #peppers
Peppers

Read this article for more information about how to grow peppers

Peppers

How to grow Peppers:

Grows best from transplants

When to plant peppers in Arizona: Mid February – March and July

Time to harvest: 90 – 120 days

Good to know: Start seeds indoors in late December or January for spring transplants.

How to grow potatoes in containers - Growing potatoes in Arizona -Organic potatoes grown in containers
Potatoes

Read this article for more information about how to grow potatoes

Potatoes

How to grow Potatoes:

Grows best from seed potatoes 

When to plant potatoes in Arizona:

  • January – February (harvesting in June or July)
  • September – October (harvest in late winter) 

Time to harvest: 90 – 120 days

Good to know:

  • Potatoes grow well in grow bags or containers.
  • If plants are killed by frost, harvest potatoes (no matter the size) within a week or two to keep them from rotting.
Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant pumpkins in Arizona
Pumpkins

Read this article for more information about how to grow pumpkins.

Pumpkins

How to grow Pumpkins:

Grows best from seed

When to plant pumpkins in Arizona: Mid February – March and July – mid August

Time to harvest: 90 – 120 days

Good to know: Growing pumpkins require a lot of room and water. 

How to grow Radishes #growingradishes #plantingradishes #radishes #gardening #gardeningtips
Radishes

Read this article for more information about how to grow radishes

Radishes

How to grow Radishes:

Grows best from seed

When to plant radishes in Arizona: September – April

Time to harvest: 40 – 60 days

Good to know: Radishes sprout easily, grow quickly, and are a perfect first seed to grow for new or young gardeners.

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Vegetables (continued)

How to grow Roselle Hibiscus: Growing Jamaican Sorrel
Roselle Hibiscus

Read this article for more information about how to grow roselle hibiscus

Roselle Hibiscus

How to grow Roselle Hibiscus:

Grows best from seed

When to plant roselle hibiscus in ArizonaMid March – May

Time to harvest: 120 – 180 days

Good to know: Although the plants don’t bloom until fall, planting roselle earlier in the season ensures a large plant with plenty of blooms and calyces to harvest. 

How to grow spinach: tips for growing spinach #spinach #howtogrow
Spinach

Read this article for more information about how to grow spinach

Spinach

How to grow Spinach:

Grows best from seed

When to plant spinach in Arizona: September – February

Time to harvest: 40 – 90 days

Good to know: Larger leaves can become bitter; don’t wait too long to harvest. Harvest outer leaves (leaving inner leaves for continual harvest) or harvest the entire plant at once by cutting it off at the base.

Summer squash varieties - 8 types to grow and enjoy
Summer Squash

Read this article for more information about how to grow summer squash

Squash (Summer)

How to grow Summer Squash:

Grows best from seed

When to plant summer squash in Arizona: March – April and late August – mid September

Time to harvest: 60 – 90 days

Good to know: If you are finding that female fruits are withering, hand-pollinate by transferring pollen from the male stamen to the female pistil.

Arizona Garden in May
Winter Squash

Read this article for more information about how to grow winter squash

Squash (Winter)

How to grow Winter Squash:

Grows best from seed

When to plant winter squash in Arizona: March and July – mid August

Time to harvest: 90 – 120 days

Good to know: Winter squash mature on the vine and can be stored indoors for several months. 

Sweet Potatoes

Read this article for more information about how to grow sweet potatoes

Sweet Potatoes

How to grow Sweet Potatoes:

Grows best from slips – small pieces of rooted sweet potato tubers grown from a sweet potato

When to plant sweet potatoes in Arizona: March – June

Time to harvest: 120 – 160 days

Good to know: Sweet potatoes need a long warm growing season, are heat tolerant and drought resistant, and have few pests or diseases.

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant swiss chard in Arizona
Swiss Chard

Read this article for more information about how to grow Swiss chard

Swiss Chard

How to grow Swiss Chard:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant Swiss chard in Arizona

  • Plant seeds late August – January
  • Plant transplants late September – mid February 

Time to harvest: 60 – 90 days

Good to know: To harvest Swiss chard, cut off the outer leaves with a sharp pair of garden scissors 1½ to 2 inches above the ground while they are young and tender (about 8 to 12 inches long).

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant tomatillos in Arizona
Tomatillos

Read this article for more information about how to grow tomatillos

Tomatillos

How to grow Tomatillos:

Grows best from transplant

When to plant tomatillos in Arizona: Mid February – March and July – mid August

Time to harvest: 80 – 100 days 

Good to know:

  • Plants grow large and will need trellising.
  • Plant at least 2 plants to ensure pollination. 
How to grow tomatoes in Arizona - 10 tips for growing tomatoes #tomatoes #arizonagardening #howtogrowtomatoes
Tomatoes

Read this article for more information about how to grow tomatoes

Tomatoes

How to grow Tomatoes:

Grows best from transplant

When to plant tomatoes in ArizonaMid February – March and July – mid August

Time to harvest: 50 – 120 days depending on variety

Good to know:

  • Start seeds indoors in late December or January for spring transplants.
  • Look for plants with a short (60-90) days to maturity. 
Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant turnips in Arizona
Turnips

Turnips

How to grow Turnips:

Grows best from seed

When to plant turnips in Arizona: late August – February

Time to harvest: 90 – 120 days

Good to know: Turnips do not transplant well. Seed them directly in the garden and thin when plants are 4 inches tall. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide - When to plant watermelon in Arizona
Watermelon

Read this article for more information about how to grow watermelon.

Watermelon

How to grow Watermelon:

Grows best from seed

When to plant watermelon in Arizona: Late February – March 

Time to harvest: 90 – 120 days 

Good to know: Watermelon leaves produce the sugars that sweeten the watermelon. Allow leaves to sprawl and grow; do not pinch off vines or leaves. 

The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Planting Calendar was a valuable resource as I learned to grow a vegetable garden in Arizona. I also used it as a reference in this Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide. 

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low-Desert Vegetables
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