Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Thinking about starting a garden? Herb gardening is a great way to begin. Many herbs are easy to grow and thrive year round in the low desert of Arizona. This Arizona Herb Planting Guide provides planting dates and other information for growing over 30 different herbs in the low desert of Arizona.

Growing seasons in Arizona are short, and timing is critical when planting. Use this Arizona Herb Planting Guide to learn when and how to plant each herb. When you plant at the correct time, seeds will sprout and transplants will become established in the optimal conditions for each plant.

With pictures and planting dates for over 30 herbs that grow well in the low desert of Arizona, you are sure to find one to try. 

Be sure to check out the end of this Arizona Herb Planting Guide for links to articles about common questions about growing a garden in Arizona. 

Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information.

Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Click on herb name to go directly to that herb:

Would you like the low-desert planting dates for vegetables, herbs, and flowers in a convenient calendar? 

*PLANTING GUIDE: Each month has a planting guide (letter boards) for the vegetables, herbs, and flowers to plant in the low desert of Arizona. 

*HARVEST GUIDE: Harvest guides are the harvest photos of what it is possible to harvest each month. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Amaranth

Amaranth

How to grow Amaranth:

Grows best from seed

When to plant amaranth in Arizona: March – April and late July – early September

Harvest leaves as needed and cut the seed-heads with stems for drying to collect seeds. 

Good to Know: Warm-season annual. Leaves are high in protein. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Anise

Anise

How to grow Anise:

Grows best from seed

When to plant anise in Arizona: February – April and October – November

Harvest seeds by clipping entire head and storing in paper bag until dry.

Good to Know: Annual. Anise grows about 2 feet tall. 

How to grow basil - tips for growing basil
Basil

Read this article for more information about how to grow basil

Basil

How to grow Basil:

Grows best from seed or transplant; propagates by cutting

When to plant basil in Arizona: Late February – May

Harvest leaves often to keep plant from flowering for best flavor. 

Good to Know: Warm-season annual. Frost tender. Don’t rush planting; basil prefers warm air and soil. Plant near tomatoes to improve flavor and growth.

Arizona Garden in October #gardening #garden #arizonagarden #octobergarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Bay

Bay

How to grow Bay:

Grows best from cutting or transplant

When to plant bay in Arizona: Late February – April 

Harvest dark leaves anytime. Use within 3-4 months for best flavor.

Good to Know: Perennial. New plantings are frost tender. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Bee Balm

Bee Balm

How to grow Bee Balm:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant bee balm in Arizona: February – March

Harvest leaves anytime. 

Good to know: Needs frequent water and afternoon shade. Attracts beneficial insects and pollinators. Considered a perennial flower, but often grown as an annual in the low desert of Arizona. Plant near tomatoes to improve flavor and growth.

How to grow Borage
Borage

Read this article for more information about how to grow borage.

Borage

How to grow Borage:

Grows best from seed

When to plant borage in Arizona: October – January

Harvest young stems for best flavor. Pick flowers and use fresh, frozen, or dried.

Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Self-seeds readily. Attracts pollinators. Plant with squash, strawberries, and tomatoes.

Arizona Garden in February Arizona Vegetable Garden Checklist #arizonagarden #gardenchecklist #thismonthinthegarden #garden
Calendula

Read this article for more information about how to grow calendula

Calendula (Pot Marigold)

How to grow Calendula:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant calendula in Arizona: Late September – November

Harvest flowers regularly when young and fresh. 

Good to know: Cool-season annual. Edible, and medicinal uses. Reseeds easily. Early bloomer. Often grown as a trap crop for aphids. Keep deadheaded to encourage blooms. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Catnip

Catnip

How to grow Catnip:

Grows best from seed or division; reseeds readily

When to plant catnip in Arizona: October – April 

Harvest leaves as needed.

Good to Know: Perennial. Deters flea beetles.

Arizona Garden in March#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #marchgarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Chamomile

Read this article for more information about how to grow chamomile

Chamomile

How to grow Chamomile:

Grows best from seed or transplant; reseeds readily

When to plant chamomile in Arizona: December – April

Harvest chamomile when the petals are flat or beginning to fall back from bud. Air-dry or dry in dehydrator.   

Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Grows best in cooler weather. Improves flavor of cabbage and onions.

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Chives

Chives

How to grow Chives:

Grows best from seed or division

When to plant chives in Arizona: October – April

Harvest by cutting leaves at the base.

Good to Know: Low-growing perennial; beautiful when flowering. Divide plants in the fall or early spring. Improves growth and flavor of carrots.

Cilantro in bloom in Arizona Garden in April #arizonagardening #arizonagarden #aprilinthegarden
Cilantro

Read this article for more information about how to grow cilantro

Cilantro

How to grow Cilantro:

Grows best from seed or transplant; reseeds readily

When to plant cilantro in Arizona: October – January 

Harvest regularly for best flavor and to keep from flowering.

Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Sets seed as temperatures climb in the spring. Cilantro seeds are called coriander. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs (continued)

Caterpillar on dill in Arizona Garden in April #arizonagardening #arizonagarden #aprilinthegarden
Dill

Read this article for more information about how to grow dill.  

Dill

How to grow Dill:

Grows best from seed; handle transplants carefully; reseeds readily

When to plant dil in Arizona: October – January

Use leaves fresh or dried. Let seed ripen on plant before harvesting. Bouquet dill has large seed heads. Fern-leaf dill has large plants for using fresh leaves. 

Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Attracts swallowtail caterpillars. Trap crop for aphids; can attract ladybugs. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Fennel

Fennel

How to grow Fennel:

Grows best from seed; handle transplants carefully; reseeds readily

When to plant fennel in Arizona: October – April

Harvest stalks and leaves before they turn woody. Seed heads are ready to harvest when they turn yellow-green.

Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Attracts swallowtail caterpillars. Trap crop for aphids; can attract ladybugs. Cut bulbs at base and they will regrow.

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant garlic in Arizona
Garlic

Read this article for more information about how to grow garlic

Garlic

How to grow Garlic:

Grows best from cloves

When to plant garlic in Arizona: October

Harvest bulbs by digging up in late May.

Good to Know: Soft-neck varieties perform better than hard-neck types in warmer climates like ArizonaPre-chill whole cloves in a brown paper bag in the refrigerator for at least 6 weeks before planting. Plant near roses to deter aphids.

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Garlic Chives

Garlic Chives

How to grow Garlic Chives:

Grows best from transplant or division

When to plant garlic chives in Arizona: October – April

Harvest stems by cutting down to base of plant as needed.

Good to Know: Garlic chives are a reliable perennial herb in Arizona. January is a good time to divide the overgrown clumps. Garlic chives should be covered during freezing temperatures.

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Hyssop

Hyssop

How to grow Hyssop:

Grows best from seed

When to plant hyssop in Arizona: February – April 

Harvest leaves just before flowering for best flavor. 

Good to Know: Perennial, but often grown as an annual. Attracts pollinators to herb gardens. Good for bordering gardens. Companion plant to cabbage and grapes. Deters cabbage moths. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Lavender

Lavender

How to grow Lavender:

Grows best from seed, cutting, or transplant

When to plant lavender in Arizona: October – November and late February – April

Harvest stalks just as blooms begin to open.  

Good to Know: Perennial. Grows best in sunny locations. Keep leaves dry and let plant dry out a bit between waterings. Needs well-draining soil. Spanish lavender varieties do well in the low desert of Arizona. 

Lemon balm in Arizona garden in May
Lemon Balm

Lemon Balm

How to grow Lemon Balm:

Grows best from seed, cutting, layering, division, or transplant

When to plant lemon balm in Arizona: February – April and October – November

Harvest young leaves throughout the season and use fresh. 

Good to Know: Perennial. When leaves look spent, cut back to ground to reinvigorate. 

Arizona Gardening in July #gardening #desertgardening #howtogarden
Lemon Grass

Lemon Grass

How to grow Lemon Grass:

Grows best from division or transplant

When to plant lemon grass in Arizona: February – April 

Harvest the fresh leaves and stems of single stalks as needed. 

Good to Know: Perennial. Grows well year-round in the low desert of Arizona. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Lemon Verbena image by Johnny's Selected Seeds

Lemon Verbena

How to grow Lemon Verbena:

Grows best from cutting or transplant

When to plant lemon verbena in Arizona: February – April

Harvest lemon scented leaves as needed.

Good to Know: Frost-tender perennial. Needs well-draining soil. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Marjoram

Marjoram

How to grow Marjoram:

Grows best from cutting, division, or transplant

When to plant marjoram in Arizona: February – April and October – November  

Harvest leaves just before flowering for best flavor.  

Good to Know: Perennial. Seeds are slow to germinate; divide existing plants. Grows best in moist soil with full sun. Flowers in the spring. Similar to oregano, but taste is sweeter with more delicate flavor. 

Arizona Garden in January#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #Januarygarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Mint

Read this article for more information about how to grow mint. 

Mint

How to grow Mint:

Grows best from cutting, division, layering, or transplant

When to plant mint in Arizona: February – April and October – November
 

Harvest leaves and stems when young for best flavor.

Good to Know: Perennial. Can be invasive; grow in containers. Does best with afternoon shade. Cut back to reinvigorate in January. Deters white cabbage moths and improves the health of cabbage and tomatoes. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs (continued)

How to Grow Nasturtiums: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Nasturtiums
Nasturtium

Read this article for more information about how to grow nasturtium.

Nasturtium

How to grow Nasturtium:

Grows best from seed

When to plant nasturtiums in Arizona: October – January

Harvest leaves and flowers just before using. Harvest seed pods just before they turn from green to brown. 

Good to know: Cool-season annual. Overly rich soil results in fewer blooms. Reseeds readily. 

How to grow oregano - tips for growing oregano
Oregano

Read this article for more information about how to grow oregano.

Oregano

How to grow Oregano:

Grows best from cutting, division or transplant

When to plant oregano in ArizonaFebruary – April and October – November  

Harvest leaves just before flowering for best flavor. 

Good to Know: Perennial. Seeds are slow to germinate; divide existing plants. Keep trimmed to prevent flowering.

Arizona Garden in January#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #decembergarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Flat Parsley

Read this article for more information about how to grow parsley.

Parsley (Italian - Flat)

How to grow Flat Parsley:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant Italian parsley in Arizona: October – April

Harvest leaves any time as needed.  

Good to Know: Biennial, but often grown as a cool-season annual. Seeds are slow to germinate. Flat parsley has a stronger taste than curly parsley.

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Curly Parsley

Read this article for more information about how to grow parsley.

Parsley (Curly)

How to grow Curly Parsley:

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant curly parsley in Arizona: October – April

Harvest leaves any time as needed.

Good to Know: Biennial, but often grown as a cool-season annual. Seeds are slow to germinate. Flavor is more mild than flat parsley. 

Arizona Gardening in July #gardening #desertgardening #howtogarden
Rosemary

Read this article for more information about how to grow rosemary

Rosemary

How to grow Rosemary:

Grows best from cutting or transplant

When to plant rosemary in Arizona: October – January

Harvest stems as needed anytime. Best flavor is just before flowers appear. 

Good to Know: Drought-tolerant perennial. Takes full sun but needs well-drained soil. Cutting back by more than 1/3 can shock plant. Grows up to 6 feet tall. Good companion plant to cabbage, beans, carrots, and sage. Deters cabbage moths, bean beetles, and carrot flies.

How to grow Sage #sage #growingsage #herbgarden #howtogrowherbs
Sage

Read this article for more information about how to grow sage.

Sage

How to grow Sage:

Grows best from division, layering, cutting, or seed

When to plant sage in Arizona: February – April and October – November

Harvest individual leaves as needed. 

Good to Know: Perennial. Needs good drainage. Can rot in the summer during hot weather if too wet. Companion plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots to deter cabbage moths. Do not plant near cucumbers. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Summer Savory image by Johnny's Selected Seeds

Savory (Summer)

How to grow Summer Savory:

Grows best from seed, cutting, or transplant

When to plant summer savory in Arizona: February – April

Harvest summer savory just before flowering for best flavor. 

Good to Know: Warm-season annual. Does best with afternoon shade. Plant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Winter Savory image by Johnny's Selected Seeds

Savory (Winter)

How to grow Winter Savory:

Grows best from seed, cutting, or transplant

When to plant winter savory in Arizona: February – April and October – November

Harvest leaves anytime. 

Good to Know: Perennial with stronger flavor than summer savory. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Thyme

Read this article for more information about how to grow thyme.

Thyme

How to grow Thyme:

Grows best from seed, cutting, transplant, or divisions

When to plant thyme in Arizona: November – April

Harvest thyme by clipping stems as needed. Harvest just before flowering for best flavor.

Good to Know: Perennial. Prefers well-drained soil. Drought tolerant; prefers afternoon shade. Plant loses some flavor after 2 years; replant from cuttings. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Turmeric

Turmeric

How to grow Turmeric:

Grows from rhizomes

When to plant turmeric in Arizona: Late February – March 

Harvest turmeric about 10 months after planting by carefully digging out rhizomes. 

Good to Know: Annual. Prefers shade when grown in Arizona. Keep an eye on moisture levels. Can rot if too wet, but needs regular water and feeding to grow well. 

How to Grow Violets: 5 Tips for Growing Violets
Violets

Read this article for more information about how to grow violas.

Violas

How to grow Violas

Grows best from seed or transplant

When to plant violas in ArizonaOctober – November

Months in bloom: March – May

Harvest violet by picking flowers as they appear. Harvest new leaves. 

Good to know: Cool-season annual. Reseeds. Keep deadheaded to encourage blooms. 

Would you like the low-desert planting dates for vegetables, herbs, and flowers in a convenient calendar? 

*PLANTING GUIDE: Each month has a planting guide (letter boards) for the vegetables, herbs, and flowers to plant in the low desert of Arizona. 

*HARVEST GUIDE: Harvest guides are the harvest photos of what it is possible to harvest each month. 

Desert Gardening for Beginners was a valuable resource as I learned to grow herbs in Arizona. I also used it as a reference in this Arizona Herb Planting Guide. 

722 Shares

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *