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Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Thinking about starting a garden? Herb gardening is a great way to begin. Many herbs are easy to grow and thrive year-round in the low desert of Arizona. This Arizona Herb Planting Guide provides planting dates and other information for growing over 30 different herbs in the low desert of Arizona.

The low desert of Arizona includes cities in and around Phoenix, including Glendale, Scottsdale, Paradise Valley, Mesa, Tempe, Chandler, Gilbert, Peoria, Apache Junction, Buckeye, Fountain Hills, Tolleson, Surprise, Sun City, Queen Creek, and Goodyear.

Growing seasons in Arizona are short, and timing is critical when planting. Use this Arizona Herb Planting Guide to learn when and how to plant each herb. When you plant at the correct time, seeds will sprout and transplants will become established in the optimal conditions for each plant.

With pictures and planting dates for over 30 herbs that grow well in the low desert of Arizona, you are sure to find one to try. 

Be sure to check out the end of this Arizona Herb Planting Guide for links to articles about common questions about growing a garden in Arizona. 


Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information.


Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs


Click on herb name to go directly to that herb:


Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs


Perpetual Planting & Harvest Calendar for the Low Desert of Arizona

Would you like the low-desert outdoor planting dates for vegetables, herbs, and flowers in a convenient calendar? 

*PLANTING GUIDE: Each month has a planting guide (letter boards) for the vegetables, herbs, and flowers to plant in outside the low desert of Arizona. 

*HARVEST GUIDE: Harvest guides are the harvest photos of what it is possible to harvest each month. 


Click here to learn more


Amaranth

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Amaranth

How to grow Amaranth:

  • Grows best from seed
  • When to plant amaranth in Arizona: March – April and late July – early September
  • Harvest leaves as needed and cut the seed-heads with stems for drying to collect seeds. 
  • Good to Know: Warm-season annual. Leaves are high in protein. 

Anise

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Anise

How to grow Anise:

  • Grows best from seed
  • When to plant anise in Arizona: February – April and October – November
  • Harvest seeds by clipping entire head and storing in paper bag until dry.
  • Good to Know: Annual. Anise grows about 2 feet tall. 

Basil

How to grow basil - tips for growing basil
Basil

Read this article for more information about how to grow basil

How to grow Basil:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant; propagates by cutting
  • When to plant basil in Arizona: Late February – May
  • Harvest leaves often to keep plant from flowering for best flavor. 
  • Good to Know: Warm-season annual. Frost tender. Don’t rush planting; basil prefers warm air and soil. Plant near tomatoes to improve flavor and growth.

Bay

Arizona Garden in October #gardening #garden #arizonagarden #octobergarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Bay

How to grow Bay:

  • Grows best from cutting or transplant
  • When to plant bay in Arizona: Late February – April 
  • Harvest dark leaves anytime. Use within 3-4 months for best flavor.
  • Good to Know: Perennial. New plantings are frost tender. 

Bee Balm

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Bee Balm

How to grow Bee Balm:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant
  • When to plant bee balm in Arizona: February – March
  • Harvest leaves anytime. 
  • Good to know: Needs frequent water and afternoon shade. Attracts beneficial insects and pollinators. Considered a perennial flower, but often grown as an annual in the low desert of Arizona. Plant near tomatoes to improve flavor and growth.

Borage

How to grow Borage
Borage

Read this article for more information about how to grow borage.

How to grow Borage:

  • Grows best from seed
  • When to plant borage in Arizona: October – January
  • Harvest young stems for best flavor. Pick flowers and use fresh, frozen, or dried.
  • Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Self-seeds readily. Attracts pollinators. Plant with squash, strawberries, and tomatoes.

Calendula (Pot Marigold)

Arizona Garden in February Arizona Vegetable Garden Checklist #arizonagarden #gardenchecklist #thismonthinthegarden #garden
Calendula

Read this article for more information about how to grow calendula

How to grow Calendula:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant
  • When to plant calendula in Arizona: Late September – November
  • Harvest flowers regularly when young and fresh. 
  • Good to know: Cool-season annual. Edible, and medicinal uses. Reseeds easily. Early bloomer. Often grown as a trap crop for aphids. Keep deadheaded to encourage blooms. 

Catnip

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Catnip

How to grow Catnip:

  • Grows best from seed or division; reseeds readily
  • When to plant catnip in Arizona: October – April 
  • Harvest leaves as needed.
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Deters flea beetles.

Chamomile

Arizona Garden in March#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #marchgarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Chamomile

Read this article for more information about how to grow chamomile

How to grow Chamomile:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant; reseeds readily
  • When to plant chamomile in Arizona: December – April
  • Harvest chamomile when the petals are flat or beginning to fall back from bud. Air-dry or dry in dehydrator.   
  • Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Grows best in cooler weather. Improves flavor of cabbage and onions.

Chives

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Chives

How to grow Chives:

  • Grows best from seed or division
  • When to plant chives in Arizona: October – April
  • Harvest by cutting leaves at the base.
  • Good to Know: Low-growing perennial; beautiful when flowering. Divide plants in the fall or early spring. Improves growth and flavor of carrots.

Cilantro

Cilantro in bloom in Arizona Garden in April #arizonagardening #arizonagarden #aprilinthegarden
Cilantro

Read this article for more information about how to grow cilantro

How to grow Cilantro:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant; reseeds readily
  • When to plant cilantro in Arizona: October – January 
  • Harvest regularly for best flavor and to keep from flowering.
  • Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Sets seed as temperatures climb in the spring. Cilantro seeds are called coriander. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs (continued)


Dill

Caterpillar on dill in Arizona Garden in April #arizonagardening #arizonagarden #aprilinthegarden
Dill

Read this article for more information about how to grow dill.  

How to grow Dill:

  • Grows best from seed; handle transplants carefully; reseeds readily
  • When to plant dil in Arizona: October – January
  • Use leaves fresh or dried. Let seed ripen on plant before harvesting. Bouquet dill has large seed heads. Fern-leaf dill has large plants for using fresh leaves. 
  • Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Attracts swallowtail caterpillars. Trap crop for aphids; can attract ladybugs. 

Fennel

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Fennel

How to grow Fennel:

  • Grows best from seed; handle transplants carefully; reseeds readily
  • When to plant fennel in Arizona: October – April
  • Harvest stalks and leaves before they turn woody. Seed heads are ready to harvest when they turn yellow-green.
  • Good to Know: Cool-season annual. Attracts swallowtail caterpillars. Trap crop for aphids; can attract ladybugs. Cut bulbs at base and they will regrow.

Garlic

Arizona Vegetable Planting Guide- When to plant garlic in Arizona
Garlic

Read this article for more information about how to grow garlic

How to grow Garlic:

  • Grows best from cloves
  • When to plant garlic in Arizona: October
  • Harvest bulbs by digging up in late May.
  • Good to Know: Soft-neck varieties perform better than hard-neck types in warmer climates like Arizona. Pre-chill whole cloves in a brown paper bag in the refrigerator for at least 6 weeks before planting. Plant near roses to deter aphids.

Garlic Chives

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Garlic Chives

Read this article for more information about how to grow garlic chives

How to grow Garlic Chives:

  • Grows best from transplant or division
  • When to plant garlic chives in Arizona: October – April
  • Harvest stems by cutting down to base of plant as needed.
  • Good to Know: Garlic chives are a reliable perennial herb in Arizona. 

Ginger

How to Grow Ginger: 8 Tips for Growing Ginger
Ginger

Read this article for more information about how to grow ginger. 

How to grow Ginger:

  • Grows best from rhizomes
  • When to plant ginger in Arizona: March
  • Harvest ginger about 10 months after planting by carefully digging out rhizomes. 
  • Good to Know: Ginger needs a long warm growing season to grow well. Provide shade to protect leaves from sunburn. Harvest when leaves turn yellow and die back. 

Hyssop (Agastache)

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Hyssop

How to grow Hyssop:

  • Grows best from seed
  • When to plant hyssop in Arizona: February – April 
  • Harvest leaves just before flowering for best flavor. 
  • Good to Know: Perennial, but often grown as an annual. Attracts pollinators to herb gardens. Good for bordering gardens. Companion plant to cabbage and grapes. Deters cabbage moths. 

Lavender

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Lavender

How to grow Lavender:

  • Grows best from seed, cutting, or transplant
  • When to plant lavender in Arizona: October – November and late February – April
  • Harvest stalks just as blooms begin to open.  
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Grows best in sunny locations. Keep leaves dry and let plant dry out a bit between waterings. Needs well-draining soil. Spanish lavender varieties do well in the low desert of Arizona. 

Lemon Balm

Lemon balm in Arizona garden in May
Lemon Balm

How to grow Lemon Balm:

  • Grows best from seed, cutting, layering, division, or transplant
  • When to plant lemon balm in Arizona: February – April and October – November
  • Harvest young leaves throughout the season and use fresh. 
  • Good to Know: Perennial. When leaves look spent, cut back to ground to reinvigorate. 

Lemon Grass

Arizona Gardening in July #gardening #desertgardening #howtogarden
Lemon Grass

Read this article for more information about how to grow lemon grass

How to grow Lemon Grass:

  • Grows best from division or transplant
  • When to plant lemon grass in Arizona: February – April 
  • Harvest the fresh leaves and stems of single stalks as needed. 
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Grows well year-round in the low desert of Arizona. 

Lemon Verbena

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Lemon Verbena image by Johnny’s Selected Seeds

How to grow Lemon Verbena:

  • Grows best from cutting or transplant
  • When to plant lemon verbena in Arizona: February – April
  • Harvest lemon scented leaves as needed.
  • Good to Know: Frost-tender perennial. Needs well-draining soil. 

Marjoram

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Marjoram

How to grow Marjoram:

  • Grows best from cutting, division, or transplant
  • When to plant marjoram in Arizona: February – April and October – November  
  • Harvest leaves just before flowering for best flavor.  
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Seeds are slow to germinate; divide existing plants. Grows best in moist soil with full sun. Flowers in the spring. Similar to oregano, but taste is sweeter with more delicate flavor. 

Mint

Arizona Garden in January#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #Januarygarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Mint

Read this article for more information about how to grow mint. 

How to grow Mint:

  • Grows best from cutting, division, layering, or transplant
  • When to plant mint in Arizona: February – April and October – November 
  • Harvest leaves and stems when young for best flavor.
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Can be invasive; grow in containers. Does best with afternoon shade. Cut back to reinvigorate in January. Deters white cabbage moths and improves the health of cabbage and tomatoes. 

Arizona Herb Planting Guide: A Visual Guide for Low Desert Herbs (continued)


Nasturtium

How to Grow Nasturtiums: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Nasturtiums
Nasturtium

Read this article for more information about how to grow nasturtium.

How to grow Nasturtium:

  • Grows best from seed
  • When to plant nasturtiums in Arizona: October – January
  • Harvest leaves and flowers just before using. Harvest seed pods just before they turn from green to brown. 
  • Good to know: Cool-season annual. Overly rich soil results in fewer blooms. Reseeds readily. 

Oregano

How to grow oregano - tips for growing oregano
Oregano

Read this article for more information about how to grow oregano.

How to grow Oregano:

  • Grows best from cutting, division or transplant
  • When to plant oregano in Arizona: February – April and October – November  
  • Harvest leaves just before flowering for best flavor. 
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Seeds are slow to germinate; divide existing plants. Keep trimmed to prevent flowering.

Parsley (Italian – Flat)

Arizona Garden in January#gardening #garden #arizonagarden #decembergarden #gardeninginarizona #desertgarden
Flat Parsley

Read this article for more information about how to grow parsley.

How to grow Flat Parsley:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant
  • When to plant Italian parsley in Arizona: October – April
  • Harvest leaves any time as needed.  
  • Good to Know: Biennial, but often grown as a cool-season annual. Seeds are slow to germinate. Flat parsley has a stronger taste than curly parsley.

Parsley (Curly)

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Curly Parsley

Read this article for more information about how to grow parsley.

How to grow Curly Parsley:

  • Grows best from seed or transplant
  • When to plant curly parsley in Arizona: October – April
  • Harvest leaves any time as needed.
  • Good to Know: Biennial, but often grown as a cool-season annual. Seeds are slow to germinate. Flavor is more mild than flat parsley. 

Rosemary

Arizona Gardening in July #gardening #desertgardening #howtogarden
Rosemary

Read this article for more information about how to grow rosemary

How to grow Rosemary:

  • Grows best from cutting or transplant
  • When to plant rosemary in Arizona: October – January
  • Harvest stems as needed anytime. Best flavor is just before flowers appear. 
  • Good to Know: Drought-tolerant perennial. Takes full sun but needs well-drained soil. Cutting back by more than 1/3 can shock plant. Grows up to 6 feet tall. Good companion plant to cabbage, beans, carrots, and sage. Deters cabbage moths, bean beetles, and carrot flies.

Sage

How to grow Sage #sage #growingsage #herbgarden #howtogrowherbs
Sage

Read this article for more information about how to grow sage.

How to grow Sage:

  • Grows best from division, layering, cutting, or seed
  • When to plant sage in Arizona: February – April and October – November
  • Harvest individual leaves as needed. 
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Needs good drainage. Can rot in the summer during hot weather if too wet. Companion plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots to deter cabbage moths. Do not plant near cucumbers. 

Savory (Summer)

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Summer Savory image by Johnny’s Selected Seeds

How to grow Summer Savory:

  • Grows best from seed, cutting, or transplant
  • When to plant summer savory in Arizona: February – April
  • Harvest summer savory just before flowering for best flavor. 
  • Good to Know: Warm-season annual. Does best with afternoon shade. Plant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. 

Savory (Winter)

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Winter Savory image by Johnny’s Selected Seeds

How to grow Winter Savory:

  • Grows best from seed, cutting, or transplant
  • When to plant winter savory in Arizona: February – April and October – November
  • Harvest leaves anytime. 
  • Good to Know: Perennial with stronger flavor than summer savory. 

Thyme

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs
Thyme

Read this article for more information about how to grow thyme.

How to grow Thyme:

  • Grows best from seed, cutting, transplant, or divisions
  • When to plant thyme in Arizona: November – April
  • Harvest thyme by clipping stems as needed. Harvest just before flowering for best flavor.
  • Good to Know: Perennial. Prefers well-drained soil. Drought tolerant; prefers afternoon shade. Plant loses some flavor after 2 years; replant from cuttings. 

Turmeric

turmeric
Turmeric

The growing requirements are very similar for turmeric and ginger. Read this article for more information about how to grow ginger. 

How to grow Turmeric:

Grows from rhizomes

  • When to plant turmeric in Arizona: March 
  • Harvest turmeric about 10 months after planting by carefully digging out rhizomes. 
  • Good to Know:  Prefers shade when grown in Arizona. Keep an eye on moisture levels. Can rot if too wet, but needs regular water and feeding to grow well. 

Violas

How to Grow Violets: 5 Tips for Growing Violets
Violets

Read this article for more information about how to grow violas.

How to grow Violas

  • Grows best from seed or transplant
  • When to plant violas in Arizona: October – November
  • Months in bloom: March – May
  • Harvest violet by picking flowers as they appear. Harvest new leaves. 
  • Good to know: Cool-season annual. Reseeds. Keep deadheaded to encourage blooms. 

Additional Planting Guides for the Low Desert of Arizona

Vegetable Planting Guide: A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Vegetables
Arizona Fruit Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Fruit
Arizona Vine Planting Guide A Visual Guide to Planting and Growing Low Desert Vines

Want to learn more about herb and vegetable gardening in Arizona?

Click on a question below to be taken to a blog post about the topic. 


If you enjoyed this post about vines that grow well in Arizona, please share it:

Arizona Herb Planting Guide_ A Visual Planting Guide for Low Desert Herbs

Desert Gardening for Beginners was a valuable resource as I learned to grow herbs in Arizona. I also used it as a reference in this Arizona Herb Planting Guide. 

Juanita C

Friday 30th of April 2021

Does lemon balm need shade?

Angela Judd

Saturday 1st of May 2021

Yes, it does best with afternoon shade.

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Friday 4th of December 2020

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