Looking for a flower that doesn’t mind the heat? Tithonia (also known as Mexican sunflower) is a drought-tolerant and heat-loving annual plant native to Mexico and Central America. Bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds love the bright blooms. Tall branching plants bloom for several months (right up until frost), and make an excellent cut flower. Learn how to grow Mexican sunflowers and add them to your garden.  

How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

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5 Tips for How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers (Tithonia)

1. Plant tithonia at the right time

Tithonia is a frost-tender annual flower that grows best from seed. Tithonia seeds need light to germinate; cover lightly (¼”) with soil. Mark the planting area well and be patient because seeds take between 1-3 weeks to sprout. Space seeds about 2 feet apart. 

In warm climates, plant tithonia seeds directly in the garden when soil warms to about 60°F. For earlier blooms, start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. 

In the low desert of Arizona, plant tithonia seeds directly in the garden from February through early May. Tithonia begins blooming around July and the blooms often last through early December. 

In cooler climates, start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date and plant outside when soil warms to about 60°F. 

How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

2. Choose a location with plenty of sun to plant Mexican sunflowers

Tithonia prefers warm weather and grows best in full sun (even full Arizona sun). Mexican sunflowers grow well in most types of soils. The soil should be well-draining.

How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

3. Give tithonia plants room to grow

Mexican sunflower plants grow large, often ranging from 4 to 6 feet in height and up to 4 feet wide. Growing tithonia plants in the back of a border provides a colorful backdrop for smaller plants. 

Plants spaced about 2 feet apart will provide support for each other. Grow staked plants 3 to 4 feet apart. Leaving enough space between plants helps provide adequate airflow and makes plants healthier. 

How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

For square foot gardening, allow 2 square feet per plant. 

How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

4. Care for Mexican sunflowers correctly as they grow

Overall, tithonia is an easy plant to grow and it’s fairly pest and disease resistant. 

  • Tithonia does not require additional fertilization.  
  • Plants are drought-tolerant, but need regular water in hot summer areas with little rainfall. 
  • Provide support by staking for tithonia as it grows; this is especially important in windy areas.
How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

5. Enjoy the blooms

Tithonia blooms are between 2”-3” wide. The colors range from yellow to orange and almost red depending on the variety you grow. The blooms, nectar, and seeds attract a large variety of wildlife including butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. 

Mexican sunflowers make excellent cut flowers. Handle tithonia stems gently as the flower stalks are hollow and somewhat brittle.

Keeping spent blooms deadheaded will encourage more blooms. At the end of the season, allow several blooms to remain on the plant and collect the seeds inside to plant the following year.

How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia
How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia
How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia
How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia
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4 Comments on How to Grow Mexican Sunflowers: 5 Tips for Growing Tithonia

  1. Good advice! I am wondering: Can tithonia be pruned into a smaller bush? I have some coming up from last year’s Big Mistake. I seeded what I thought were small zinnia seeds, but at 8′ + I realized those were definitely not zinnias! Now seedlings have come up and I know I need to either move them or trim back? Which should I do? I’m in Atlanta area and heat is already giving transplants problems.

    • They do tend to get large. You can keep it somewhat trimmed but it will get large. I wouldn’t attempt transplanting it at this point, just do the best you can.

  2. Hello, I live in eastern Pennsylvania and have planted the mexican sunflower for the first time this year. All of the plants are blooming, except one.. The one that is not blooming has a stem about 4 -6″ around and is about 8-10′ tall. I’ve given it miracle grow and have pruned some of the branches back. It has tons of buds, but no blooms. How can I get it to bloom. Thanks in advance for your advice

    • hmmmm….. does it get enough sun? It sounds like it’s a good size. I would hold off on any more pruning to see if it will bloom.

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