Guide to Container Sizes: Which Size Container Should I Use?
This guide to container sizes will help you answer the following questions when growing plants in containers:
Which size container should I use?
How much soil does my plant need?
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Knowing which size container to use is a crucial part of gardening successfully in containers.
Different plants have different size requirements for their roots. It isn’t always easy to tell which size container you will need. Many young transplants and seeds are the same size initially, but vary greatly once they mature.
A NOTE ABOUT CONTAINER SIZES:
- Container sizes are not standardized and often use different types of measurements.
- Sizes listed here are measured by the amount of soil they hold (dry-soil measurements).
- Choose the largest possible container for vegetables to give them access to more soil, food, and water.
- Generally, aim for the container to be as deep as it is wide. This provides the most room for the roots.
- Containers that hold less than 2 gallons of soil are not recommended for growing most vegetables to maturity.
Extra Small Container
Holds up to two gallons (.3 cubic feet) of soil.
Holds up to three gallons (.46 cubic feet) of soil.
Plants that grow well in small containers include: kohlrabi, carrots, beets, strawberries, dill, cilantro, celery
Guide to Container Sizes: Which Size Container Should I Use? (cont.)
Holds up to five gallons (.69 cubic feet) of soil.
Holds up to ten gallons (1.5 cubic feet) of soil.
Examples of large containers include: 16″ terra cotta or nursery pots, and a 10 gallon fabric grow bag
Extra Large Container
Holds up to twenty gallons (2.73 cubic feet) or more of soil.
Examples of extra large containers include: 18″ terra cotta pots (2.3 cubic feet of soil), 24″ terra cotta pots (3.8 cubic feet of soil), 20 gallon grow bags, and half wine barrels (4.3 cubic feet of soil)
Plants that grow well in extra large containers include: dwarf citrus trees, fig trees